Ultrafast X-ray imaging on individual fragile specimens such as aerosols, metastable particles, superfluid quantum systems and live biospecimens provides high-resolution information that is inaccessible with conventional imaging techniques. Coherent X-ray diffractive imaging, however, suffers from intrinsic loss of phase, and therefore structure recovery is often complicated and not always uniquely defined. Here, we introduce the method of in-flight holography, where we use nanoclusters as reference X-ray scatterers to encode relative phase information into diffraction patterns of a virus.
The International Day of Light will provide an annual focal point for the continued appreciation of the central role that light plays in the lives of the citizens of the world in areas of science, culture and art, education, sustainable development, and in fields as diverse as medicine, communications and energy. Following the highly successful International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015, the broad theme of light will allow many different sectors of society to participate in activities around the world around May 16th to raise awareness of science and technology, art and culture, and their importance in achieving the goals of UNESCO — education, equality and peace.
Enhancement of proton therapy effectiveness experimentally demonstrated for the first time: Proton Boron Capture Therapy (PBCT)
The use of proton-boron nuclear fusion to enhance proton therapy effectiveness in the cancer cell killing rate has been demonstrated experimentally as a result of a scientific collaboration among researchers coming from Laboratori Nazionali del Sud (LNS-INFN) in Catania, ELI-Beamlines (ELI-IoP-ASCR) in Prague, Department of Physics of University of Naples Federico II (DoP-UoN), and Fondazione Bruno Kessler (FBK) in Trento. The experimental research, carried out at LNS, is a result of two years of intensive experimental activity based on trials with various cell lines.
Image: The CATANA tumor treatment room at LNS-INFN, Catania, Italy (courtesy of G. Agnello)
“ LEAK workshop has been the first international meeting about kHz laser plasma electron accelerators. The goal of LEAK workshop was to discuss the recent results about laser electron acceleration at high repetition rate, study the potential medical and industrial applications of such beams, and, finally review the possible lasers which can be used in this context. LEAK has been jointly organized with the French colleagues of the Laboratorie d’Optique Appliquée, who have been the first to demonstrate good quality electron beams produced at kHz repetition rate.
What enables electrons to be transferred swiftly, for example during photosynthesis? An interdisciplinary team of researchers has worked out the details of how important bioinorganic electron transfer systems operate. Using a combination of very different, time-resolved measurement methods, the scientists were able to show that so-called pre-distorted states can speed up photochemical reactions or make them possible in the first place. The group headed by Sonja Herres-Pawlis from the RWTH Aachen University (RWTH) Michael Rübhausen from the University of Hamburg and Wolfgang Zinth from Munich’s Ludwig Maximilian University, is presenting its findings in the journal Nature Chemistry.
From 1st January 2018, the new project of the ELI Beamlines research centre ADONIS has been launched. The name is an abbreviation derived from the title Advanced research using high intensity laser produced photons and particles. The project will run until the end of October 2022 and is funded by the Operational Program Research, Development and Education from the Excellence Research Challenge.
The P3 vacuum chamber which was transported on a giant truck all the way from Spain to ELI Beamlines arrived in Dolní Břežany today. This unique chamber was constructed by the specialist Spanish company AVS - Added Value Solutions and it will be installed in the experimental hall E3 at ELI Beamlines.
Over the past few days, the physical installation of the L3-HAPLS (Advanced Petawatt Laser System) was successfully finished. The L3-HAPLS was delivered from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to ELI Beamlines in Dolní Břežany in June this year. Since the end of September, a joint team of scientific and technical staff from LLNL, the ELI Beamlines center of the Institute of Physics of the Academy of Sciences has worked intensively on the installation of the laser. After the connection and commissioning of cooling, vacuum, electrical and electronic systems of the laser, the first part of the laser chain has been put into operation. The first upgraded part of the L3-HAPLS system consists of an oscillator and a pump laser, which provide pulses with energy of 2 J and a repetition frequency of 10 Hz.
On November 1st, 2017, the vacuum compressor of PW laser pulses for the laser system L3 (one of the four lasers at ELI Beamlines) arrived in Dolní Břežany from Brno. It is the largest vacuum opto-mechanical unit ever designed and manufactured in the Czech Republic.
At night, October 6th, 2017 ELI Beamlines participated at traditional event Researchers´ Night. We offered the unique programme for the visitors.
They could try to use our virtual reality glasses and see the laser and experimental halls of ELI Beamlines, to play the game Laser maze and try to move with the mirrors the right way to make the laser pulse travelling to the target. We did a videomapping on the laser hall walls and we presented the multimedial installation called the Monolith.
More that 300 visitors participated on the event in ELI facility during the night.
On September 11th- 12th, 2017 the Jaspers Networking Platform organized a Second Extreme Light Infrastructure pillars workshop. The aim of this event is to bring together the main stakeholders from the three ELI-pillar countries for a joint event focused on the current status of the ELI project. It is an opportunity for the different national authorities as well as representatives from the European Commission concerned by the projects to share experience as well as potential issues ahead of the start of operations of the ELI facilities.
On Monday, August 28th, 2017 Ivan Pilný, the Czech Minister of Finance, accompanied by Eva Zažímalová, the President of the Czech Academy of Sciences, and Petr Pavlík, Deputy Minister of Education, visited the ELI Beamlines facility.
Our guests had the opportunity to visit experimental and laser halls and test our virtual reality stations.
H.E. Moon Seoung-hyun, Ambassador of the Republic of Korea in the Czech Republic, visited ELI Beamlines and HiLASE laser centres on Wednesday, July 26, 2017.
On Tuesday, July 4th, 2017 we had the chance to invite two researchers from Japan. Both of them had a speech for our employees. Prof. Hosokoai from Photon Pioneers Center, Osaka University, Japan talked about Staging Laser Wakefield acceleration aiming for repeatable GeV-class accelerator. Dr. Yamamoto, from KEK - Photon Factory, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization had a talk about the development of Novel Undulator with a very short period length.
The Israeli Minister of Science, Technology and Space Ofir Akunis with his delegation visited the ELI Beamlines and HiLASE laser centres in Dolni Brezany on the 26th of June 2017.