Gravitational Waves Generated by Laser-Matter Interactions

Gravitational Waves Generated by Laser-Matter Interactions

The research is performed in the area of gravitational waves generation which connects fundamental gravitational theory with the laser—plasma interaction in the high intensity regime 10PW or higher. This area of research started to be interesting thanks to the remarkable progress in the technology of high power lasers which might enable applications also in the research field of gravitation in the future.

 

The gravitational wave generation is investigated in the laboratory conditions in various  models and the properties of radiation such as metric perturbations and luminosity, spectrum, polarization and the behaviour of test particles are analyzed. The models are based on acceleration of matter to very high velocity by an intense laser pulse.  The resulting gravitational waves are in frequency range of GHz to THz. Therefore the currently available detectors, such as resonant detectors and interferometers LIGO or Virgo , are not usefull for their detection and a new technology should be developed to enable experimental research in this area. In the future, such experiments could be possibly performed at our facility ELI Beamlines or other research facilities like PETAL , NIF-ARC or APOLLON.

Current research is even more relevant after the recent detection of gravitational waves in 2016 by LIGO. The detection will definitely open a new era of research in many fields especially in astrophysics.

SpektrumVetsi.png

The angular distribution of gravitational radiation in the piston model for different intensities (a) non-relativistic I=1020 W/cm2, (b)  weakly relativistic I=1022 W/cm2 and (c) relativistic I=1024 W/cm2 , the distribution for the light sail model is in image (d) I=1024 W/cm2. The angle θ is measured with respect to the direction of laser propagation where θ =0 is on x axes.

References:

M. Maggiore, „Gravitational waves: Volume 1: Theory and experiments“, Oxford University Press, New York, 2008.
E. Gelfer, H. Kadlecová, O. Klimo, S. Weber and G. Korn, Gravitational waves generated by laser accelerated relativistic ions, Phys. Plasmas 23, 093107 

Hedvika Kadlecová, hedvika.kadlecova@eli-beams.eu

Ondřej Klimo, ondrej.klimo@eli-beams.eu

Stefan Weber, stefan.weber@eli-beams.eu