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Bio and material applications

Laser-driven secondary sources at ELI-Beamlines will be used for applications in molecular, biomedical, and materials (MBM) sciences. Planned applications include coherent diffractive imaging, atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) sciences, soft X-ray materials science, hard X-ray scattering, diffraction, spectroscopy and imaging, advanced optical spectroscopic techniques, and pulse radiolysis.

Bio and material applications

The research group for applications in molecular, biomedical, and materials (MBM) sciences develops and runs experimental stations using the secondary sources that are driven by the uniquely powerful ELI-Beamlines lasers as well as the lasers themselves. The MBM group mainly develops scientific end stations for time-resolved photon science applications in the THz-to-hard X-ray range with a focus on dynamics in the femtosecond-to-microsecond time scales. These stations are:

  • A multi-purpose end station for atomic, molecular, and optical (AMO) sciences and coherent diffractive imaging (CDI)
  • A materials science platform based on a time-resolved spectroscopic ellipsometry in the optical range and VUV magneto-optical ellipsometry
  • A modular station for hard X-ray sciences covering applications in diffraction, spectroscopy, pulse radiolysis and imaging
  • Advanced optical spectroscopy capabilities in the THz-to-UV range, including a setup for stimulated Raman scattering, transient optical absorption, IR (1D and 2D) and pulse-shaping and coherent control.

Already in 2018, the MBM team provided more than 1 200 hours of experimental time for external collaborators. In February 2019, we published our first open call for users to participate in user-assisted commissioning and early experiments resulting in the scheduling of about 20 experiments during the period June to September.

Together with our close collaborators in the ELIBIO team, we make up a highly international team consisting of 15 nationalities working at the ELI Beamlines facility.

Jakob Andreasson: Team leader (RP4)
Janos Hajdu: Team leader (ELIBIO)
Maria Krikunova: AMO science (also ELIBIO)
Eva Klimesova: AMO science
Andreas Hult Roos: AMO science
Borislav Angelov: X-ray scattering and diffraction (also ELIBIO)
Vitaly Polovinkin: X-ray scattering and diffraction (ELIBIO)
Krishna Khakurel: X-ray scattering and diffraction (ELIBIO)
Anna Zymakova: X-ray spectroscopy
Martin Precek: Pulse radiolysis
Iuliia Baranova: X-ray diffraction/protein crystallography (PhD student with Charles University)
Shirly J. Espinoza: Soft X-ray material science and time-resolved ellipsometry (also ELIBIO)
Steffen Richter: Soft X-ray material science and time-resolved ellipsometry
Miroslav Kloz: Ultrafast spectroscopy (also ELIBIO)
Mateusz Rebarz: Ultrafast spectroscopy
Ziaul Hoque: Ultrafast spectroscopy and AMO science
Alessandra Picchiotti: Ultrafast spectroscopy
Nils Lenngren: Ultrafast spectroscopy
Yingliang Liu: Ultrafast spectroscopy (ELIBIO)
Rachael Jack: ELIBIO Biolab manager (ELIBIO)
Petra Cubakova: Biolab technician (ELIBIO)

E1 experimental hall: What users get

Together with the Research programme for X-ray source development RP4 runs experimental capabilities for user operations in the E1 experimental hall. The following main instruments are expected to be available at the time for the next round of user experiments (expected in early 2020).

HHG beamline

  • Variable gas target
  • Long focal length (up to 25 m), presently at ~3 m
  • Time-preserving monochromator: Optics Express Vol. 19, Issue 20, pp. 19169-19181 (2011)
  • Elipsoidal focusing optic: verified spot: 40×70 um

MAC: AMO science (gas phase targets) and coherent diffractive imaging

  • Electron and ion Time of Flight spectrometers
  • Velocity Map Imaging
  • Imaging detectors
  • Molecular beams, cluster source, aerosol and liquid jet sample delivery

ELIps: VUV material science applications, presently under development

  • Variable sample temperature from 40K to 450K
  • Switchable magnetic field (1 kHz) at the sample up to 1 T
  • Reflective polarizer/analyzer (up to ~40 eV)
  • Eventually variable sample angle of incidence (initially fixed)

PXS beamline. Presently in commissioning

  • Main energy range: ~3 to 30 keV
  • Main emission line (Bi L1): 10.8 keV
  • Monochromatized beamline with Montel optic
  • Broadband beamline with polycapillary optic

X-ray diffraction (operational with sealed tube source)

  • Diffractometer: STOE (Darmstadt)
  • Main detector: Dectris, Eiger X 1M
  • Sample cooling; Cryostream (Oxford), cryostat (ARS)
  • Complementary conventional Cu sealed tube X-ray source (AXO Dresden)

X-ray spectroscopy (in commissioning with sealed tube source)

  • von Hamos geometry (J. Szlachetko et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 103105, 2012)
  • Gratings for ~ 3 to 10 keV
  • Main detector: Andor CCD camera (Eiger can also be used)
  • Complementary conventional Mo sealed tube X-ray source (XOS)

Ultrafast optical spectroscopy

  • Time resolved spectroscopic ellipsometry: Operational and available for users
  • fs Stimulated Raman Scattering: Operational and available for users
  • Transient optical absorption: Operational and available for users
  • Pulse shaping: Operational and available for users
  • Transient IR spectroscopy (1 and 2D): In commissioning, expected availability for users in Q4 of 2019